Posts Tagged ‘Roger Walsh’

Here is the Integral City 2014 Meta Blog. It connects the 4 Voices of the Integral City to the Planet, People, Place and Power that energized us in 2014.

It follows the tradition of Integral City Meta Blog 2013

Integral City Logo History 1989-2014

Integral City Logo History 1989-2014


  1. Equinox/Solstice Newsletters – Integral City Reflective Organ
    1. Integral City March 2014: Working Together With the Planet in Mind
    2. Integral City June 2014: 4 Voices as Gateways to Goodness in the Human Hive
    3. Integral City Reflective Organ – September Equinox 2014: Celebrating the Power of Place
    4. Integral City Reflective Organ – December Solstice 2014: Celebrating the Mystery of Power
  2.  Planet of Integral Cities Milestones 2014
    1. Which Comes First – City Trigger Points or Country Tipping Points?
    2. Cities Will Turn Symbolic Climate Change Handshake into Real Action
    3. ISO Fast Tracks Standard for City Quality of Life
    4. Space Golf – Rosetta Lands Hole-in-One on Par 6 bb Km Hole
    5. Meshworkers of the Year Award 2013 – Planning AS the City
  3.  The New Story of the City    ….This collection of dialogic essays were written to celebrate the New Story of the City. We published them in the week of the first World Cities Day(October 31) having first been inspired by Kosmos Journal‘s invitation to tell a new story. Our team of Integral City Constellation Voices, Peer Spirits and Essayists included: Joan Arnott, Alia Aurami, Cherie Beck, Diana Claire Douglas, Marilyn Hamilton, Linda Shore.   The Voices in this dialogue are: Spirit of Integral City, Gaia, City, Peer, and Communities of Practice.    Each voice is introduced by the Stage Directions: Welcome, Connecting One(s), to this sapient circle. We gather here to constellate Indra’s Net for our Planet of Cities around this question “How does Integral City Connect for Change in Service to a Planet of Cities?”.  Welcome to you, Peer Spirits, who long to connect to the City and her Communities of Practice, to Gaia, and to Spirit who energizes us all. Listen … Spirit of Integral City peaks …
    1. Spirit of Integral City Celebrates Global Oneness Day
    2. Gaia Whispers to Change Seekers
    3. Integral City Dances With Peer Spirits
    4. Integral City Connects Communities of Practice
    5. Integral City Celebrates World Cities Day
  4.  4 Voices of the City
    1. 4 Voices of Integral City: A Quadrivium of Case Studies
      1. Imagine Abbotsford: Citizen Voice Grows Sustainable City Vision
      2. Developing Durant: Business Voice Catalyses All 4 Voices of the City
      3. Ekurhuleni’s Future: Civic Managers Create Habitat for Wellbeing
      4. Encouraging the Heart of Leon: Civil Society Integrates 4 Voices
    2. Integral City Blog – On the Move with 4 Voices     Research on 4 Voices of the Human Hive from Learning Lhabitats at the Integral Theory Conference 2013,Federation of Canadian Municipalities Sustainability Conference 2014 and Integral Europe Conference  2014. 
      1. Voices of the Citizen Resound from 3 Gateways to Planet of Cities
      2. Voices of Business Open 3 Gateways to Planet of Cities
      3. Voices of Civic Managers Bridge 3 Gateways to Planet of Cities
      4. Voices of Civil Society Align in 3 Gateways to Planet of Cities
  5.  Integral City Connects with 4 Voices in Russia
    1. Preamble Russian Book Launch in Moscow: Gateways to Wellbeing in Integral City
    2. The West and Russia: A Divergence of Values?
    3.  Russia Behind the Double Veil: Using Integral Eyes to See Russia’s Cities
  6.  Reinventing Organizations to Reinvent the City
    1. How Might Reinventing Organizations Reinvent the City?
    2. On-Purpose Organizations Seed On-Purpose Cities
    3. Organic Strategies Meshwork Integral Cities
    4. Organic Strategies Reinvent Integral Cities
    5. City as Dojo for Reinventing Organizations
  7.  How to Optimize Integral City Impact (as inspired by Dr. Roger Walsh at Integral Europe Conference 2014)
    1. How to Optimize the Impact of Integral City Work
    2. How Adult Development Creates Conditions to Optimize Integral City Impact
    3. How to Optimize the Impact of Integral City Work from Direct Experience and Deep Wisdom
    4.  How to Optimize Integral City Impact as Integral Practitioners
    5. How to Optimize Integral City Impact with Community of Practice
    6. How to Optimize Integral City Impact Through Transconventional Religion
    7. How to Optimize Integral City Impact By Getting Ideas Out to the World
    8. How to Optimize Integral City Impact as an Accomplice to the Divine
    9. How to Optimize Integral City Impact as Spiritual Practice
  8.  On Remembering
    1. On Remembering: The Future of Peace
    2. Remembering the Harms
    3. Remembering Lives and ALL LIFE
  9.  Poems for Integral Cities
    1. Could There Be a Council of Cities (Check-Out Wisdom-Poem from Learning Lhabitat, Working Together, Opening Gateways in the Human Hive, Integral Europe Conference, May 8, 2014)
    2. Canada Day: Dance With the Maple Leaf Memelights
    3. Perhaps the Earth Can Teach Us … to Be Alive





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When we are called to be of service to the Highest Good, we cross a threshold that moves us beyond ego into something deeper, more alive, more awake, more demanding – even into the realm of Divine Mystery.

Astrocyte as Image of Divine Mystery

Astrocyte as Image of Divine Mystery

Essentially we offer our work of optimizing Integral City to the Divine. And in doing so we demand of ourselves standards we might call “impeccable”. Roger Walsh reminds us however, of the paradox of doing so. Even as we practice to the highest quality of design, delivery and follow up, in serving the Evolutionary Impulse, we let go of attachment to outcome.

As cultural anthropologist, Angeles Arrien reminded us long ago – our work as an accomplice of the Divine is to: show up, be present, speak our truth and let go of results.

These most “simple” instructions take us deeper into our Self even as we step deeper into our service to the world.

When we are optimizing the impact of Integral City practice, we may enter a flow state, where the Divine uses us in ways we can’t predict or control. But once we taste the power of this “giving up”, we create the conditions to attain a state of greater “waking up”.

And as we survey the trouble spots of the world these days – mostly located in cities – we face challenges that seem overwhelming with seemingly no precedents for easy solutions. We do not know if the choices we make – challenging terrorism, dealing with homelessness, facing a deluge of refugee migrations – will lead to desolation or prosperity.

But our practice of contemplation, our opening to a collective intelligence, our commitment to a never-ending path of learning extends our circles of care to embrace the whole city as we sense the Divine embracing the whole planet. We can be of service in allowing the Divine to use us. There is magic in the Master Code – to Care for Self, so that we can Care for Others, so we can Care for this Place, so we can Care for this Planet. This practice impacts the city and the world with the Grace of the Divine and makes us accomplices of Goodness, Truth and Beauty beyond our understanding.



Thanks to Dr. Roger Walsh for his profound Keynote at Integral Europe Conference 2014, for inspiring this series of blogs on Optimizing Integral City Impact

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As I write this, cities in many countries are being torn apart because the followers of conventional religious practice are at war with one another. Islam versus Judaism in Palestine. Sunni versus Shia in Iraq. Hinduism versus Christianity in India. Atheism versus Buddhism in China.

These stories grab the headlines, because in most cities of the world, conventional religions – from all faith systems – keep alive a storyline that those who follow its dogma are saved and those who do not are damnable. In this way the clash of religions and cultures is kept alive and inflamed. The practice of conventional religions offers faith in the one right way, but no hope for a way that embraces the essential life-giving teachings that lie at the core of each religion.

Symbols of World Religions

Symbols of World Religions


Dr. Roger Walsh, at IEC drew a picture of religion with a large enough circle of compassion that it transcended and included the best of conventional and post-conventional religions, to create religion that is transconventional.

Transconventional religion does not perpetuate the old story but instead offers what Walsh called a “psycho-technology”.  This psycho-spiritual technology transforms the mind and consciousness using the methodologies developed by the saints and sages who created the fundamentals of religious practices everywhere.

At the heart of these technologies are contemplative practices that are expressions of a mature religion that can effectively mature those who practice its disciplines and precepts.

Psycho-technologies like these, tame, transform and transcend practitioners in ways that impact the community psychologically, biologically, culturally and socially (in other words, with  an integral intelligence). These transconventional practices liberate practitioners from being “reactors” in the old stories ( that depend on religious hierarchies who command the one right way through power and dogmas) and release them into direct intuitive wisdom.

Cities using an integral framework to understand and embrace its multitude of religions and cultures and create conditions and habitats that attract and promote transconventional religion(s). Examples like the Parliament of World Religions, the Dalai Lama’s Mind and Life Institute and even the democratic practice of separating church and state, show us how powerful transconventional religious practice can impact the quality of life for all citizens. The simplest form of teaching children contemplation, meditation or mindfulness can sow the seeds of tolerance, acceptance of differences and the basis for “essential spiritual practice”.

In his book Essential Spirituality, Walsh sets out 7 essential spiritual practices that can optimize integral impact:

1. Transform our motivation. By shifting what motivates us from egocentric concerns to ethnocentric, then worldcentric to kosmocentric we expand our circles of compassion.

2. Live ethically. Our practices must be filled with the integrity that respects that our practices must not prevent others’ practices must and none must harm the other.

3. Develop concentration. Being able to focus our attention with intention enables us to mature from one stage to the next, progressively growing our capacity.

4. Develop emotional maturity. The studies of EQ (emotional intelligence) over the last 20 years has revealed that it lies at the heart of a spectrum of intelligences that starts with PQ (physical intelligence), leads to IQ (intellectual intelligence) and flowers into SQ (spiritual intelligence).

5. Refine awareness. Waking up to the world around us through all our senses brings us more fully alive and more fully appreciative of Life itself.

6. Seek Wisdom. All religious belief systems hold universal wisdom in their precepts. Understanding that the Wisdom continuously unfolds and teaches us at a deeper level, is the challenge that transconventional religion can help us meet.

7. Be of Service. The Buddhist Bodhisattva vow proposes that the highest path of enlightenment is to be of service to everyone, so all may become enlightened. The vow of service in the Integral City is embedded in the Master Code. Take Care of Self. Take Care of Others. Take Care of this Place.

As Walsh, underlined at IEC in Budapest, we can help our troubled cities (and the world) by making choices that foster transconventional psycho-technologies (aka religions that serve the vitality of life everywhere ).






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How do you optimize the impact of Integral City impact by getting our work out to the world?

Integral City AQAL

That is the next question that Roger Walsh asked at IEC.

First consider how important integral ideas are at this time in the world.

The city is the most complex system created by humans – and as such it is subject to information overload. Information overload has the tendency to make life very complicated. This causes and amplifies the stress that we feel at every scale in the city – as individuals trying to do our work, as families trying to stay connected, as teams in our work places trying to produce results, as organizations trying to stay on mission, as sectors trying to meet growing demands, as communities trying to engage neighbourhoods, as the whole city, trying to gain an overview of all this complexity to optimize our quality of life, cultural wellbeing, economic prosperity and infrastructural operation .

The value of thinking about the city using an Integral framework – one that can be negotiated with a compass and four maps –  is that it brings alignment and coherence to the many parts of the city. Our Integral City Compass shape shifts into 4 City Maps that help us to situate the dynamics and the patterns that too often elude us with information overload.

The Integral City framework helps us make sense of the cross-currents of our city lives from four directions:

1. how do the winds of change impact us as individuals? (Map 1 and Map 4).

2. how do the conflicts of relationships impact us in our social holons or collectives? (Maps 2, 3, 4)

3. how does the internal environment of Self and Others impact our awareness, beliefs and intentions? (Maps 1, 2 and 3.

4. how does the external environment of Place and Structure impact our actions, performance and capacity to manifest? (Maps 3 and 4).

With the situational guidance offered by compass and maps, Integral City can then support the unfolding of the intelligences that emerge as we optimize our interactions from the four quadrants of the city.

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We can optimize the impact of Integral City Work when we come from our direct experience and bring contemplative wisdom into the mainstream. Roger Walsh‘s Optimizing Guidelines (delivered at IEC), suggested that we transmit to others, our deepest inner experience and deepest contemplative wisdom we have learned from the Masters.

Students Learning from Master at Izhevsk Cathedral, Udmurtia, Russia

Students Learning from Master at Izhevsk Cathedral, Udmurtia, Russia

Three practices can support us in optimizing from direct experience and deep wisdom:

1. We can imbibe wisdom.

From where?  From whom? We must follow the energy of the wisdom that calls us, speaks to us, and even “marinates us” so that we are inspired to transmit it to others. Lev Gordon at ARGO (Association of City Development) in Izhevsk, Russia is a good example. He affirmed to me on my recent visit, that he responded well to our injunction “to follow the energy” because it allowed him and his team to access their highest callings and focus on thriving. That’s why ARGO set out to create, Urbanfest, as the first citizen-initiated conference on city development in Russia.

2. We can master the concepts and the language of the community we are trying to talk to.

Within the Integral City Community of Practise, Beth Sanders stands as an exemplar of Engaging the 4 Voices of the City. She has mastered the language of city planning through her education, her service to the profession (serving as Treasurer of Canadian Association of Planners, and Past-President of the Alberta Professional Planning Institute) and her ongoing community meshworking practise. As a result, her skills for going “where angels fear to tread” in public consultation meetings, build new bridges, confront old conflicts and open new options in cities all across Canada.

3. We can translate contemplative wisdom into concepts and languages that communities understand

Aha! Insights (aka BFO = Blinding Flash of the Obvious) are usually the most simple and obvious points when we hear others repeat back to us in their own words what we have said. An early example for Integral City came from Dr. Robin Wood, Founder of Thriveability Foundation, who was the first person to review Integral City: Evolutionary Intelligences for the Human Hive. Instead of simply citing the 12 intelligences, he summarized them into 5 easy groups: Contexting Intelligences, Individual Intelligences, Collective Intelligences, Strategic Intelligences and Evolutionary Intelligences. For me that was an Aha! and BFO all combined into one – because I felt understood AND now I had new, simpler language to talk to others about ideas that they can easily understand. Robin translated the contemplative integral wisdom behind Integral City into “business-speak”.  Beth translates it into “community-planner-speak”. Lev translates it into “citizen-speak”.


… deep bows to Roger Walsh,who is a Master of living his injunctions to learn from the Masters and translate meaning to others out of deep personal experience.

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How can you optimize the impact of “integral”? That was the question asked by Roger Walsh at his keynote at the Integral Europe Conference. As ever, his wisdom was framed to inspire practise as well as contemplation. We always gain insights about Integral City work from Roger’s guidance (see the blog series on “5 Practical Steps for Applying Integral City Theory“).


Urbanfest Team

Urbanfest Team

So let’s consider ways that we can optimize our Integral City Work.

Commit to Do High Quality Work

Firstly we can begin by committing to do high quality work – as Integral City Practitioners, Catalysts and Meshworkers. As a Community of Practise, we have defined the practices of each level of practise, so that practitioners can become progressively more skilled in disciplines that are relevant to understanding the city through integral lenses.

Knowledge Areas

We started by mapping  the 12 Intelligences as the focus and outcome of the disciplines for Integral City work.

Our knowledge frames for Practitioners (who work at the scale of individual organizations and leaders) include:  Integral Framework, Spiral Dynamics, Living Systems, Complexity, Integral City, Personal Management, Integral Life Practise and/or Integral Transformative Practise .

Our knowledge frames for Catalysts (who work at the scale of connecting two or more City Voices, organizations or sectors) include:   Leadership Development, Team Development, Art of Hosting, Inquiry, Conflict Resolution, Social Artistry, Polarity Management, Eco-Footprint, The Natural Step, Balanced Scorecard, Values Tools, Appreciative Inquiry and Holacracy

Our knowledge frames for Meshworkers (who work at the scale of the city, aligning, cohering and meshworking around Purpose, People, Priorities and Planet) include:

 Facilitating, Learning Design
 Thinking & Learning Communities
 Calculating Carrying Capacity for: Social, Cultural, Environmental, Economic

To advance high quality Integral City practices at all scales ,we have identified these basic knowledge areas as necessary to commence high quality work. This enables each level of practice to build on what they learn in practice, so that they can co-design experiments (like Learning Lhabitats), solutions to challenges (like Russian City Development Urbanfest initiatives) and publish outcomes (like the qualities of the 4 Voices of the City,  the Integral City 2.0 Online Conference and the Integral City Book).


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“Sure, you can interview me, but my work is not really related to the city.”  That was a response I heard over and over again as I invited Thought Leaders, Designers and Practitioners to share their wisdom in the Integral City 2.0 Online Conference (IC2OC) last year  (Hamilton & Sanders, (2012a, 2012b). I was continuously astonished that these visionaries did not see how their work contributed to our understanding of the city.


Perhaps this is the first stage of developing a meta-view of any subject? The meta-analyst brings together previously disparate parts of a system that has not seen itself from a metaview? At first this is merely a tentative proposition that the parts belong together as a whole. And as the meta-analyst does this, they make object not only what might have been previously subject (in which they were fused with the focus of contemplation), but they bring together many system-objects and point out the interconnections that reveal the wholeness of a supra-system.

When I consider this in terms of the trajectory of learning, this is perfectly logical. We must become first self-aware, then self-manage, self-learn/lead/teach. The next big jump is to follow the same path to become other-aware (manage, learn/lead/teach). Then the  next two leaps are to follow the same path for contexts and then systems (Dawson-Tunik, 2005; Dawson, 2007; M. Hamilton, 2008, p. 103).

So seeing the city as a context for all scales of human systems is a journey that involves a distinct cycle of learning within ever-expanding scales of context.

The city is the most complex human system yet created, because it contains all the individual, group, organizational and systems scales co-existing in it simultaneously (Hamilton, (2012a, 2012b, 2012c). Wilber (2013) in his recent exploration of Integral Semiotics reveals just how granular it is possible to parse every scale of our human systems using an integral calculus. Furthermore, he gives us the pointing out instructions to notice the subject and object relationships that exist for individuals and collectives (and between individuals and collectives). Thus, philosophically we can consider the word “city” as artifact and as a referent of our gaze; the (UR) signifier that we can sense; the (UL) signified that we can understand; the (LR) syntax or system of systems that is the holding vessel for all complex adaptive life in the city; and the (LL) semantic or meaning-making framework that enables all quadrants and all lines of all holons in the city to relate to one another. This Integral Semiotics offers a new (and sufficiently complex) matrix for thinking about the city. With AQAL lenses it is clear that the city is not just bricks and mortar laid out on a grid system (LR), but is a living social holon, where the exchanges of energy, information and matter occur as a system of highly complex interconnections, and interrelationships.

Perhaps it is the very vitality of these interconnections that blinds us to our relationship to the city as a whole? For the most part we don’t sense, think or feel that we actually contribute to the life of a greater whole (the city) or that our intentions can influence the greater whole (the city) that contributes to our life? In the first instance we are blind to our role and in the second instance we take for granted the flow of life systems the city delivers to us.

I have written elsewhere about the four voices in the four quadrants of the City: UL Cityzens, LL Civil Society, UR City Managers and LL Business/Systems. (And recently we offered a Learning Lhabitat at the Integral Theory Conference 2013 for participants to discover the qualities of these four voices (Marilyn Hamilton & Sanders, 2013a, 2013b)

Most often we characterize Cityzens to be the silent, blind and disengaged persons of the city, while the other three Voices have more influence on the whole city.

But where do we find a city who has created the “habitat” of wellbeing that explicitly recognizes the goals, roles and souls of the city – so that all four voices can be optimized at all scales in their four potentials??

This question is a clarion call to integral practitioners from all disciplines, sectors and professions. Because this blind spot to thinking about the city as a human system to which we should be in service is the sweet spot to becoming sustainable at all scales on the planet.

In the human drive to improve our wellbeing, we have developed capacities to expand the potential of individuals, leaders, families, teams, organizations and even sectors. But as noted by the IC2OC speakers (and reported at the International Society of Systems Science Conference 2013 (Marilyn Hamilton, 2013) , we, who now live predominantly in cities, face grave threats to all the assumptions on which we have based our lives as city-zens. Terry Patten (Patten, 2013) talks passionately about the potential we all have to “enact an integral revolution” to face the urgencies of these challenges and explores an “emergent form of ragged truth-telling and inquiry”. He reminds his readers that Earth is our only home, and calls us to be “magnets” willing to face the great threats that face us and emerge “new possibilities [that] our continued evolution seems to depend upon … [and do] the work of opening and surrendering into a way of being that by its nature becomes better and better in responding” to the challenges of our time.

Our thrust to globalize marketplaces and streamline supply chains has produced commercial powerhouses like Wal-Mart, Nike, Samsung and Toyota. We have quantified the threats to global sustainability with meta-research at the global level (Adger, Aggarwal, Argawala, Alcamo, & et al, 2007; Rockström, Steffen, Noone, & et al, 2009 ) and even set up associations of cities from the C40 to UNHabitat to the emerging City Protocol Society. These organizations have signed on to the idea that Gaia must be considered as a whole system that requires our respect as a living system on which we are totally dependent.

But what city of the world has stepped forward with the processes to imagine itself as a living system that the city as a whole must nurture, just like we nurture the wellbeing of our mind/bodies and our cultural/social organizations?  What city sees itself as a valuable living system of systems, and at the same time sees that it is a sub-system – like a reflective organ of the planet (Lovelock, 2009) – with an obligation to nurture all other cities as part of the supra system that is a Planet of Cities and in the process nurture living systems in all the eco-regions of the planet that support the supra system of cities?

And this is where integrally informed Thought Leaders, Designers/Policy Makers and Practitioners have major roles to play. If you consider that you are an integrally informed person, then ask yourself, when you will create a context for your service to be in service to the life of the city? When will you “enact an integral revolution” (Patten, 2013) as a commitment to facing the global crisis through the vehicle of our cities?

During the IC2OC we asked this question of integral pioneers working in:

  • Leadership
  • Organizational Development & Feedback Systems
  • Cultural Change
  • Structural and Systems Design
  • Sustainability & Resilience Research
  • Spiritual Guidance and Evolution

Many of our speakers simply admitted that they had not thought of their work in the context of the city. They had not realized the NGO, business or spiritual community they served, in turn served the vital living social holon of the city – for which their constituency, client-base and congregation play a life-giving role. They had not thought their role as Leader could create new contexts for business, families, educational institutions, health systems or governance systems to discover we all share a superordinate goal: the wellbeing of the city.

The city as the key to multi-scale sustainability right up to and including global sustainability is staring us in the face. It is a blind spot that every integrally informed person can turn into a sweet spot of strategic adaptive practice. Ken Wilber gives us a thousand points of light where we can light up every intersection in the matrix of the city (Wilber, 2013). Accepting the challenges laid out by Patten, Wilber, Lovelock (and a growing army of others) AND translating action into the context of the city, gives us a re-frame that can move us from merely Yellow flex/flow individualists to a holistically Turquoise collective, in service to the Planet and its supra-system of Cities.

At the What Next Conference in December 2012, Roger Walsh suggested five practical ways we can serve as integrally informed practitioners. Recently I have blogged his suggestions into direct application for Integral City service:

1. Step 1 is to offer an Integral Analysis of the situation and/or city. This may involve a completely private analysis that helps you move to each of the next steps. It challenges the analyst to observe with all five senses and to use the four Integral City maps to notice what there is to notice.

2. Step 2 is to use the analysis from Step 1 to identify the assumptions that are in operation. An example of this kind of analysis is to notice what voice(s) your city inquiries are coming from – the Cityzen? Civil Society? City Management? Business? What is important to these voices? What worldviews are they expressing?

3.  Step 3 is to provide (integrally informed) information that can help make better sense of the city. You can help identify: What values are important around here? What is working? What is not working? What could work better? And then your challenge is to facilitate the theming and relationships amongst the answers.

4. Step 4 invites you to subtly shift the perspective of the voices. An appreciative question can often enable a re-frame of the view of a situation from ME-centric to WE-centric. For example, to shift the perspective of environmentalists vs. business owners we might want to listen to the stories people share in response to this question: “Tell me about a time when you were positively impacted by a business in your neighborhood?” When stories are shared, perspectives start to expand as more partial frames are brought in, to complete a wider, more whole picture.

5. Step 5 opens the space, to offer a vision of possibilities. This step occurs when you have earned enough credibility through walking through the other four steps, that you can create the conditions for all the voices of the city to speak to a desired future. A desired future with support from as many stakeholders as possible gains the momentum that arises from shared beliefs.

Following the 5 Steps enables everyone in the city – even the visionaries I interviewed –  to realize their evolutionary “practivism” … and become part of the integral sweet spot in service to evolving the Human Hive as Gaia’s Reflective Organ.


Adger, N., Aggarwal, P., Argawala, S., Alcamo, J., & etal. (2007). Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, Summary for Policy Makers. Retrieved from http://www.ipcc.ch/.

Dawson-Tunik, T. L., Commons, M. L., Wilson, M., & Fischer, K. W. (2005). The shape of development. The European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2(2), 163-196.

Dawson, T. (2007). Testing Transformation: Transformation Testing. Retrieved from http://devtestservice.com. doi:413.303.1484

Hamilton, M. (2008). Integral City: Evolutionary Intelligences for the Human Hive. Gabriola Island BC: New Society Publishers.

Hamilton, M. (2012a). City Day: Why Don’t  We Celebrate the Most Complex Human System? Integral Post, (September 4, 2012). Retrieved from http://integrallife.com/integral-post/city-day-why-don%E2%80%99t-we-celebrate-most-complex-human-system

Hamilton, M. (2012b). Integral City Systems of Survival: Why Not Just Privatize the Government? Integral Post, (November 20, 2012). Retrieved from http://integrallife.com/integral-post/integral-city-systems-survival

Hamilton, M. (2012c). Leadership to the Power of 8: Leading Self to Supra System (Full Article with examples). Integral Leadership Review, 2012(October).

Hamilton, M. (2013). Meta Security in the Human Hive: Integrally Aligning Sustainability Responses to Trajecectory of Evolutionary Threats. Paper presented at the International Society Systems Science 2013.

Hamilton, M., & Sanders, B. (2012a). Appendix A – 36 Interviews. In M. Hamilton & B. Sanders (Eds.), Integral City 2.0 Online Conference (Vol. 2 of 4),  Available from http://www.scribd.com/doc/123005653/Integral-City-2-0-Online-Conference-2012-Appendices-A-Radically-Optimistic-Inquiry-into-Operating-System-2-0-36-Interviews

Hamilton, M., & Sanders, B. (2012b). Integral City 2.0 Online Conference: A Radically Optimistic Inquiry Into Operating System 2.0. In M. Hamilton & B. Sanders (Eds.), Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1 of 4),  Available from http://www.scribd.com/doc/120713339/Integral-City-2-0-Online-Conference-2012-A-Radically-Optimistic-Inquiry-into-Operating-System-2-0

Hamilton, M., & Sanders, B. (2013a). City-Zen-tricity: A Fractal Non-Local Leap Toward Kosmocentricity Taken With Integral Kosmopolitans on an Evolutionary Mission. Journal of Integral Theory and Practice, in press. Retrieved from https://foundation.metaintegral.org/jitp/blog/current-issue-integral-business-vol-9-no-3

Hamilton, M., & Sanders, B. (2013b). City-Zen-tricity: A Fractal Non-Local Leap Toward Kosmocentricity Taken With Integral Kosmopolitans on an Evolutionary Mission. Paper presented at the Integral Theory Conference 2013. Retrieved from https://metaintegral.org/sites/default/files/Brochure_final.pdf

Lovelock, J. (2009). The Vanishing Face of Gaia. New York: Harmony Books.

Patten, T. (2013). Enacting An Integral Revolution: How Can We Have Truly Radical Conversations in a Time of Global Crisis? Paper presented at the Integral Theory Conference 2013. Retrieved from https://metaintegral.org/sites/default/files/Brochure_final.pdf

Rockström, J., Steffen, W., Noone, K., & etal. (2009 ). Planetary Boundaries: Exploring the Safe Operating Space for Humanity. art32. Retrieved from http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol14/iss2/art32

Wilber, K. (2013). Integral Semiotics Sex Karma Creativity (Vol. 2013): Integral Institute.

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